ANINUT (Heb. word from the root אוֹנֵן, onen), status of a bereaved person in the period between the death and the burial of a close relative. The onen is exempted from fulfilling certain religious duties such as reciting the Shema and the daily prayers, or wearing tallit and tefillin so as to enable him to make burial arrangements. The onen eats in solitude and should abstain from meat and wine (MK 23b; Sh. Ar., YD 341:1). During Sabbaths and festivals, however, the onen participates in the customary ceremonials such as Kiddush. Aninut is terminated with the burial which commences the official mourning period. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Rabinowicz, A Guide to Life (1964), 30–33.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • MOURNING — (Heb. אֵבֶל), the expression of grief and sorrow over the death of a close relative, friend, national leader, or in response to a national calamity. The lamentation (Heb. קִינָה (kinah, qinah); נְהִי, nehi) is the specifically literary and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KIDDUSH HA-SHEM AND ḤILLUL HA-SHEM — (Heb. קִדּוּשׁ הַשֵּׁם וְחִלּוּל הַשֵּׁם). The antithetical terms kiddush ha Shem ( sanctification of the (Divine) Name ) and ḥillul ha Shem ( defamation of the (Divine) Name ) are complementary antonyms   and denote the two aspects of one of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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